Diabetes is a condition where the body can’t use glucose normally which results in elevated levels of glucose in the blood. A person basically becomes a diabetic patient when his/her blood sugar is too high. Insulin is a hormone made by your pancreas that helps your body use glucose or blood sugar for energy. Insulin helps to control blood glucose levels.
Type 1 diabetes is mainly caused due to the inability in producing insulin. Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disease which is developed during childhood (juvenile diabetes). It can also occur in adults.
Whereas in type 2 diabetes your body produces insulin but the amount produced is not enough or it is not used properly. It is the most common type of diabetes which is mostly seen in adults. Genetics play a role in type 2 diabetes. It can be hereditary (you have a greater chance of developing type 2 diabetes). The other type of diabetes is Gestational diabetes which commonly occurs during pregnancy.
The symptoms of diabetes are:
- Extreme thirst
- Increased hunger
- Frequent urination
- Extreme weight loss
- Blurred vision
- Infections (urine, skin etc.)
- Dry mouth etc.
If you notice the symptoms of the diabetes, it is recommendable to check the blood sugar level in your body. If you are diagnosed to have diabetes then taking the corrective medications can bring a temporary diminution of the severity of the disease.
To keep control on your diabetes, let me give you a quick guide on diabetes:
- Maintain a healthy weight
- Check your blood sugar regularly
- Use diabetes medicines
- Choose a healthier diet
- Stay physically active
- Regular checkup with doctors.
- Manage stress
1.Maintain a Healthy Weight:
Maintaining a healthy weight is the most important action for controlling blood sugar and managing diabetes. There is a complicated relationship between the weight and diabetes. Maintaining healthy weight can reduce the risk of heart diseases or heart strokes, high blood pressure, unhealthy cholesterol etc. Healthy weight helps the insulin you produce to work properly and keep you energetic.
2.Check your blood sugar regularly:
If you are a diabetes patient then it is advisable to check the blood sugar regularly to prevent the diabetes complications. Regular blood sugar testing is necessary to add benefit to diabetes management treatment.
It helps in monitoring different factors like the effect of diabetes medication, judge the blood sugar level, understand how well your diet plan is working etc. Regular checking of blood sugar levels allows you to monitor your level of control and assists you in altering your diabetes management strategy.
3.Use diabetes medicines:
It is really important to take diabetes medicines regularly to keep your blood sugar level to normal. Medication is the safest way to control your diabetes. Diabetes medicines are commonly used for type 2 diabetes patients. Medicine can also be in the form of insulin which is used for type 1 diabetes patients.
Even if you use diabetes medicines regularly, healthy food and exercise is equally important because medication is just a treatment to control the blood sugar level. Consult a your doctor regularly to check if there is any need to change the dosage of the medicines and stick to the dosage as prescribed by the doctor.
4.Choose a healthier diet:
To keep the blood sugar level in control is particularly important to follow a healthier diet. Healthy food helps you to control your weight and control other complications related to diabetes. Fix up the regular time of daily meals with moderate quantity.
Focus on foods like fatty fish, leafy green vegetables, Eggs, Broccoli, fibre-rich foods. Never consider food to be a limitation and remove everything from your diet, it’s just that you have to balance your meals and choose healthy food. Thus choosing a healthier diet helps to manage your blood sugar level, maintains the blood pressure and cholesterol to normal, keeps a normal body weight, prevent diabetes complications etc.
5.Stay physically active:
Physical activity is no less important like healthy food and medicines for diabetes. If you stay physically active, the insulin works more efficiently. Regular physical activity helps in lower the blood pressure and cholesterol level, lowers the risks of heart diseases, burns calories, makes you energetic, reduces stress, improves blood circulation etc.
Choosing healthy diet and physical activity is the main ingredient for healthy lifestyles. You can stay physically active in any form. E.g. a brisk walk, gardening, regular exercise or yoga, sports, dancing etc. Thus physical activity is very important to improve your diabetes management.
6.Regular check-up with doctors:
It is extremely important to have a regular check-up with your doctor. You should visit your doctor at least within every three or four months duration. The frequency of visit may differ as per the complication of diabetes. Thus keeping your regular appointments with doctors is essential to manage and control diabetes.
Stress triggers the blood sugar level. Stress can also bring a negative impact on the body systems like immune, digestive, renal or reproductive systems. Stress may cause to forget your daily diabetes care routine. Thus managing stress is very important for a diabetes patient.
The above is a quick guide on diabetes. Manage your diabetes with a healthy lifestyle. Eat healthy food and carry out regular exercises to stay healthy. There are number of treatments to manage diabetes. One of the best recommended clinic for diabetes treatment is Smart Vision and Diabetes Clinic.